Collective Urban Learning - Urgent need of the Hour

With the increasing modernization and the spread of information technology, it has become very urgent to pay close attention to the modernization of the education system. In the face of urbanisation and the challenges facing the country in the new era, some immediate measures need to be taken with the help of modern technology to make its mark on the world stage by imparting sound education to the new generation.

With the rapid Fourth Industrial Revolution and the ubiquitous information age, civilization in India is on the rise. In such cases, citizens need to be trained to maintain their identity while finding a way out of this maze of information. Therefore, considering the need for present and future urbanization, the two concepts of 'education' and 'comprehension' have to be understood. Information and technology will advance this process of assessment in an unprecedented way; Their discovery from different cities has to be relative to the situation. For this, classrooms, libraries, laboratories, public transport, innovation centers, museums or even workplaces have to be considered differently.

In recent times , the environment for comprehension and learning has not remained the same. Libraries are traditionally a place to 'read'. But we should look at it as a 'meeting place' or a 'place of communication'. This will make full use of the existing infrastructure as well as innovate through innovative use of capabilities. ' Community Knowledge and Public Libraries 'In an article full of well-known research on the subject, the authors analyzed libraries in 31 of the world's most informative cities. (Surprisingly and unfortunately, there is not a single Indian city in it.) The analysis found that 77% of the library has space for people to meet and interact. In addition, 97% of the libraries were designed to accommodate children. It is worth noting that in almost 70% of libraries, the resources (such as books, CDs, etc.) taken from libraries to maintain mobility were allowed to be returned to any library in the city. Readers do not see the problem of lack of mobility in getting information due to this.

Many cities around the world have undertaken such experiments to reconcile the rapid pace of civilization with the cultural progress of society.

The above experiments are not only economically prudent, but also contribute to the building of the city by making maximum use of the available infrastructure. In 2013, the Boston One Card system was introduced on an experimental basis for students in government schools in Boston . With this one card, it became convenient for the students to establish and enjoy uninterrupted communication between all the resources of the school, libraries across the city, students and assessment centers. As a result, it has become a policy to set up assessment centers at various locations throughout the city , and this can be linked to improvements in government school results.. Similarly, in the city of Villa Maria in Argentina, with a population of about 70,000, a library card is issued by the corporation to every newborn child and the child's family. The purpose of this scheme is to inculcate education from an early age and add to it a sense of community. Besides, there are mobile libraries!

Today, India is at the forefront of software development. But that knowledge does not seem to be used in the process of education as well as in the field of information. India does not seem to have mobilized its own purchasing power and intellectual power properly. At a time when the world seems to be on the rise in librarianship, India is setting up educational institutions that rely on central grants. For example, NIIT in Mangalore (Karnataka) recently launched an e-libraryIs. Includes rooms for students to discuss and digital reading. It has the facility to read 20 databases and 11,000 periodicals at any time of the day and from any place with internet access. They also provide training on how to find the information you need in a digital library structure. The very opposite situation is the Chaitanya Library started in Calcutta in 1889 by a talented and influential person like Rabindranath Tagore. It is home to very old, historical periodicals and dailiesThe present condition of this Chaitanya library has to be like the dry and water seeping through the walls. Needless to say, modernization will only be a dream if there is a shortage of funds. Unfortunately for India, the condition of Indian libraries is not like NIIT but like Chaitanya Library. There are several reasons for this. First , there is no comprehensive and reliable database of libraries in India. According to various sources, there are approximately 70,000 libraries scattered throughout India. Uttar Pradesh, the largest state in India, has less than 100 libraries, while South India has thousands of libraries. Secondly , the creation of libraries is a factor in the state list. Many states have not enacted legislation on libraries, which limits the creation of the same mandatory system. As a result, under the control of the Central GovernmentThe 'Raja Rammohan Roy' library has a lot of funds but no proposals are coming from the state government. The third point is that the concept of digital libraries has sprouted but is not being fully utilized. Funds are being used at the central level. For example, IIT-Kharagpur has spent Rs 39 crore on National Digital Library and IIT-Mumbai has spent Rs 72 crore on National Virtual Library . In fact, the National Virtual Library is still the most used library for a handful of people. Although 35 lakh users of the National Digital Library are seen on their official website, it was found that the website is not actually working.

If you look at it from a different perspective, you will find that libraries reflect some of the characteristics of the culture of urbanization. In a highly urbanized country, the focus is not only on the architecture of the library but also on its cultural implications. The concept of a "15-minute cultural circle" was mooted in Hangzhou, the capital of the eastern Chinese province of Zhejiang (population about 10 million), in a bid to become a cultural city. Under this, it was decided that there should be at least one museum, library or cinema within 15 minutes walk from each person's house. Apart from this, 111 historical buildings, museums etc. were declared as places of activity for the students. As a result, the city has been hailed many times as the 'happiest city in China'.

In Germany, as in China, there is a city on the path of creation, called Geljankirshan. When the coal mines closed in this industrialized city, it was time to face the problems of unemployment and declining population. In order to get out of this situation and to face future threats, 120 organizations came together and decided to transform the city into an 'educational city'. While making this change, he maintained the balance between the old and the new by taking care of the historical buildings without despising them. Environment and sustainable development in the educational space. For example, the former Coal Mine, in association with 20 educational institutions, provided information on biodiversity in the form of ' Biomassenpark Hugo '.Has been converted to a garden called. It provides information on the history of plants, their use, pH value and other chemical indicators.

In India, however, education is still considered the sole responsibility of the government. The concept of non-formal education is still very much new as it has not been linked with other things that have emerged in urbanization.

In some places, social organizations have taken the initiative and carried out experiments like ' City One Laboratory ' . In which experiments are done on how the students get accustomed to the brain to find solutions by researching the problems of daily life like water scarcity, short roads etc. However, India needs to find new ways to go beyond the traditional ways and increase the comprehension of students.

After all, the city is as up-to-date as its inhabitants. Today, it is important to come up with new concepts and strengthen the social structure by considering future changes, economic mathematics. Almost all the above mentioned examples have to be seen as the result of joint efforts of the government, private sector, social organizations and citizens. Of course, such experiments should be based on the geography and population of   each city . Innovative local planning, up-to-date technology, social and economic status and occupations will be important factors in the effort to achieve collective learning. Replicas may not be feasible in every city, but there is an urgent need for time and a time for dialogue.

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